History of UNGUWAR ALKALI katsina, by professor mannir mamman
Unguwar Alkali is situated in the western part of Katsina metropolis. It boarders Darma in the west Albaba in the south ‘Yansiliyu in the east Sararin kuka and Unguwar Yarima in the north. Our sources indicates that some groups of Fulani scholars, under the leadership of Muhammadu Chomo come to Makurdi of Katsina land some kilometers east of katsina town in the middle of 18th century. They come from west of Hausa Land, passed through Kebbi and enroute to Katsina sojourned at Sokoto where they met Sheikh Usman Danfodio. They become intimate friends with Danfodio, and because of the immense scholasticism the Fulani wanderers of Chomo’s contingend had which Sheikh himself realized he even flattered them as Kogin Ilimi Ocean of knowledge’
According to Ahamad Maigari (2005) however his source shows that that Muhammadu Chomo was a reknowned scholar of repute, and he come to Hausa Land together with Muhammadu Fodio father of Usman Danfodio from Futa Jalo of the present of Senegal. Chomo first sojourned in Sifawa for a while and then proceeded to Makurdi of Katsina together with his people which included among others, his family, concubines, his brother and sisters, his domestic servants and his large flocks of cows and sheep, in ther year 1750. It was there in Makurdi, Muhammadu Chomo established an Islamic school for the teaching of Quranic and other Islamic knowledge, to his clan and people around. The people of Chomo initiated gigantic agricultural activities in the area and rearing of domestics animal their ancient ancestral profession.
Bala Usman (1982) show grandson of Malam Chome with the name Malam Abubakar Dankande, was the first person to come to Katsina metropolis, and built his first house in the place now called Unguwar Alkali. Ahamad maigari (2005) source adds that, Abu Muhaamman was the son of Muhammadu Chomo, who after the death of Chomo continued with his father’s activities in Makurdi, the activities of running schools, agriculture and pastorage. Abu Muhamman was father to Muhammadu Gigama nicknamed Zakin Makurdi ‘Lion of Makurdi ‘. During of reign of Ummarun Dallaje, Sheikh Usman Danfodio, advised Emir Dallaje to appoint Muhammadu Gigama as judge of Katsina and that was what exactly happened and that marked the beginning of the first judge of shari’a in Katsina under the Sokoto caliphate. The appointment of Gigama as judge did not induce him to settle in Katsina for he stayed in Makurdi running his schools and on every Friday, come to Katsina to conduct shari’a cases and also to lead in the Friday congregational prayers.
Alkali Muhammadu Gigama was father to Abubakar Dankande who become judge of Katsina 1809-1842. He too like his father did not initially stay in Katsina. He used to come to the metropolis to conduct shiri’a cases and then returned to Makurdi. Gradually the up and down become difficult for Dankande, and he finally resolved to permanently settle in Katsina in the western part of Katsina town in the place which later become Unguwar Alkali. At the time of reference there was no court room in Katsina where judges could conveniently discharge their duty. They therefore used the entrance porch of their compound as court room for the judgement. Alkali Ahmadu Hambali who was judge from 1847-1894 was the son of Alkali Abubakar Dankande. Hambali was the bed-rock of the descendants and off-springs of the families of Gidan Hambali’House of Hambali’ of Unguwar Alkali.
It is important to note that, Muhammadu Choma, Abu Muhammad, and Muhammadu Gigama, all died in Makurdi, and their graves are still there in Makurdi of our reference. But Abubakar Dankandeand Ahmadu Hambali died in Unguwar Alkali of Katsina town. Their graves have been preserved in the house of one called Ahamadu Aska of Unguwar Alkali of Katsina.
Alkali Hambali as the bed-rock of Unguwar Alkali, begot many children who in turn become begetters of numerous sons and daughters of national and international repute. The house of Hambali produced judge of shari’a and modern law of our time. There were also educationaists, economics, entrepreneurs, politicians, and others who served Katsina and Nigeria in many capacities. Some of the descendants of this great word of Unguwar Alkali were Sarkin Fuloti Sada Yusuf Riyoji, Mallamawa Murtala and Dalhatu, Alkali Ibrahim Maigari, Alkalin Lardi Ibrahim Maude, Alkali Tukur Na’iya Justice Umar Abdullahi, Ibrahim Na-Kaita, Usman Balarabe, Yusuf Babba, Muhammadu Ujiddid, Aliyu Babba, Aminu Ibrahim, Alti Maifada, Sarkin Fada,Shehu etc. In garuruwan jihar Katsina (1996) it has been indicated that, in 1928 the Emir of Katsina Muhammadu Dikko, upgraded Batagarawa as district area and also appointed a learned man and judge with the name Ibrahim Jamo from Unguwar Alkali as the first district head. Being that, the district head was a learned man and at the some time a ruler of district position, Emir Dikko named the ruling system of Batagarawa as Mallamawan Katsina that is learned people in the ruling system of Katsina. This appointment shows how learned people of Unguwar Alkali contributed not only in the legal system of katsina but also in the political development of the area.
Who specialized in carpentry. His activity of workmanship was highly patronized by the then Native Authority of Katsina including Emir’s palace and house. Maida Kwazo was father to renowned Journalist Wada Maida, Rabe Maida, Dandada Maida, and others. There was still in Danfili the House an activist and politician with the name Abdu Sani Tela, who during the first republic, joined Northern Elements Progressive Union (NEPU). This man together with another activist Sani Tela ‘Yansiliyu, fought for the freedom oppressed Talakawa members of poor populace’. Fight for injustice, corruption and retrogression in Katsina and the North in general. All those people of Danfili of Unguwar Alkali survived during the reign of Emir Muhammadu Dikko up the period of Usman Na Goggo. Unguwar Alkali is epithetly flattered as Ward of judges who condone no infidelity, ward of learned people and jurists who have been created to give verdict on issues of fact’
Mannir mamman is a lecturer at ABU Zaria and Umaru Musa University Katsina.