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Home History HISTORY OF THE ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM IN NIGERIA

HISTORY OF THE ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM IN NIGERIA

Musa Gambo kofar Soro @Katsina City News

The History of the Islamic fundamentalist in Nigeria started during the British Colonialism in Nigeria. The Battle of Burmi in 1903 marked the end of militant resistance by Islamic Scholars and groups against Colonialism in Northern Nigeria. The Battle of Burmi was fought between the British armies and the followers of the Sokoto Caliphate under the leader ship of Sultan Attahiru I. During the Battle the Sultan Attahiru and many of his followers were killed and some were arrested and deported to Lokoja

From then up to the time of Independence there was no significant challenge to the British rule in Northern Nigeria on the ground of religion. (MD. Suleiman 1997)

At that time, the leaders of the group like Tijjaniyya and Kadiriyya were only interested in promoting the ritual aspect of islam, Islamic Education and Sufism. And as the British themselves were happy to note hamless to the Colonial order. Mahadiyya on the other hand was a militant and dreaded brother hood in the Sudan.

However in Nigeria the beginning of Islamic fundamentalist started during Colonialism. And the movement was headed by Sheik Said Ibn. Hayat who was the Mahadiyya leader in Nigeria. Sheik Said Ibn Hayat the Mahadiyya leader in Nigeria was arrested by the British in 1924 at the time when he was getting settled and organising his community of Ansar at the town of Dunbulwa in Fika Emurate of Northern Nigeria. He was accused of flotting to overthrow the Colonial government, tried and subsequently jailed. He was not release from detention until the eve of Nigerian Independence in 1959. And the Mahadiyya movement was banned by the British Colonial Masters.

The British also introduce effective in order to control the activities of Islamic FUNDAMENTALISM in Nigeria. Jamaatun Nasril Islam and council of ulama were Inagurated. They came to issue preaching licence to Scholars who wanted to conduct preaching actinities. In this way religious Extremism or FUNDAMENTALISM was checked, as arring and unlicensed prechers were quickly arrested and thrown into prisons.

It was in the wake of the above political and Social upheaval in Nigeria that the Islamic revolution broke out in Iran in 1979. It’s overwhelning success, which was marked by the overthrow of the powerful Regine of Shar Reza Pahlavi, had an immediate and inspiring impact upon Muslim societies all over the World.

Malam Ibrahim Elzakzaky The Leader of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria.

He was born at Kwarbai queters of Zaria City in the 1950s. Not much is known about his child hood years. He first came into public limelight between 1976 and 1980 during his period of study at the Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, where he read Bsc Economics.

As a dedicated and devout Muslim Youth, he was an active member of the Muslim students society (MSS) and feture prominent among it’s activities, especially between 1976-1979. Malam Ibrahim Elzakky however not satisfied with lack of political orientation of the MSS. He strongly felt that it’s public lectures and other activities should be geared toward reveluyionary transformation of the country along the lines of Islam.

Consequently as a result of the conceptual and methodological differences between Elzakzaky and most of the MSS leaders , there was a split in the society in 1979 when Elzakzaky began to lead a small, but dedicated radical group which the nucleas of the Islamic Movement. Their source of inspiration was Iran and they followed very keenly the revokutionary events that were unfonding there.

In ABU Zaria ( Samaru Campus) the first practical demonstration of the Young Islamic Movement new found zeal was a rather violent demonstration which was lead by Elzakzaky to protest against moral laxity and proliferation of alcoholic in ABU main Campus.

In the early 1980 Elzakzaky visited Iran and came back to Nigeria with pictures and movie films of movie incidence and events of Iranian revolution. He went round the Nigerian Universities, especially those in the North displaying the pictures , showing the fims and giving public lectures in an apparent effort to recrute more Muslims youth into the Islamic Movement. It is difficult to assess the extent of the success of this campain by Elzakzaky. But it’s immediate effect was that group of muslim students, particularly in Kano, Zaria and Sokoto began to go about the street chanting the slogan of Islam only Islam only and painting the slogan in some public buildings in the following cities mentioned above.

Undisputably Elzakzaky became the Leader of the Islamic Movement.

Reference

1. Islam And the History of learning in Katsina. Semina paper written by MD Suleman Edited by Ismaila Tsiga and Abdalla Uba Adamu Nazares press Ltd Ibadan 1997.

2. The Hausa In Lokoja. MD Suleiman. Gaskiya Corporations Ltd Zaria 2001.

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